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Romanos Skleros, proedros and doux of Antioch (1054–1055)

Accession number BZS 1958.106.5699
Diameter 38 mm
Field diameter 30 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 5 no. 9.6; Seibt, Skleroi, 80.


St. George standing, holding a spear in his right hand and the sheath of his sword in his left. Vertical inscription on either side: Ο|Α|Γ|Ι|Ο|ΣΓ|Ε : Ὁ ἅγιος Γε[ώργιος]. Border of dots.


Inscription of six lines preceded by an ornament. Border of dots.


Ῥωμαν(ὸς) πρόεδρ(ος) (καὶ) δοὺξ Ἀντιοχήας ὁ Σκληρ(ός)


Ῥωμανὸς πρόεδρος καὶ δοὺξ Ἀντιοχήας ὁ Σκληρός.

Romanos Skleros, proedros and doux of Antioch.


This seal and BZS.1951.31.5.49 show that while doux of Antioch Skleros rose from magistros to proedros; a letter of Michael Keroularios dated to June/July 1054, which addresses him as proedros and doux of Antioch, indicates that this promotion took place shortly before this time. Other seals, showing a change of patron saint from St. George to St. Michael, proclaim Skleros proedros, doux of Antioch, and stratopedarches of the East (REG 13 [1900]: 471–73; Likhachev, Molivdovuly, 104, pl. LXIII, 9; Seyrig, no. 159; SBS 5 [1998]: 147), but it remains uncertain whether he attained this latter office before being dismissed by the empress Theodora (between August 1055 and September 1056; cf. Laurent, Vatican, 91–92), or, as is more likely, upon his restoration as doux of Antioch early in 1057 by Isaac Komnenos, out of gratitude for Skleros’s support of his successful rebellion against Michael VI (cf. Seibt, Skleroi, 79–82; Todt, “Region,” 298–300). Skleros’s star continued to rise under this emperor, as shown by a seal (Spink I, no. 86) that records his subsequent promotion to kouropalates.