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Portrait of the Grand Topa Ynga Yupanqui

Testimonio de la Rl. Executoria de los descendientes de los Sres. Reyes Emperadores del Perú, hecha en el Rl. Acuerdo de Lima, la qual se halla en una de las Alazenas de la Real Audiencia de Mexico sacado concitacion del Sr. Fiscal de esta Corte

 
HOLLIS Number
Contributors
Philip II, King of Spain, 1527-1598
Publication
s.l.: s.n., [1788?-1789?]

Description

Digital Facsimile

2 unnumbered preliminary pages, 2 unnumbered leaves, 1-99 leaves, 1 unnumbered leaf, leaf numbered 99 [that is 100], 1 unnumbered leaf, 100-117 [that is 101-118] leaves, 2 unnumbered leaves, 2 unnumbered pages, 1 unnumbered leaf, 118-130 [that is 119-131] leaves, 1 unnumbered leaf, 2 unnumbered pages, 1 unnumbered leaf, 131-154 [that is 132-155] leaves, 1 unnumbered leaf of color plates : color illustrations ; 33 cm, in clamshell box 34 cm

Title from first leaf of text; alternate title Ejecutoria de Gonzalo Uchu Hualpa y Felipe Tupac Yupanqui que su Majestad les dio devised by cataloger.
Date from clamshell box spine and from stamp of each section.

"This ejecutoria (patent of nobility and proof of limpieza desangre) is an extremely rare document. Few native Peruvian examples exist. The best Peruvian collections are in the Archivo Genera de las Indias, Sevilla and the Archivo Histórico d las Casa de Alba, Madrid. The majority of these documents concern new coats of arms authorized for conquistadores. Moreover, most of these documents are the generative cédulas that describe the coat-of-arms and depict the coat-of-arms that are to be granted once proof has been established."--Pre-Columbian scholar Tom Cummins datasheet.

"This ejecutoria is an 18th century iteration concerning the title and the coat of arms (ejecutoria) first granted in a 1545 cédula by Prince Phillip II to Gonzalo Uchu Hualpa and Felipe Tupac Inca Yupanqui in recognition of being grandsons of the Inca emperor Tupac Inca Yupanqui (ca. 1490). This cédula appears in the document and it describes the features (devises [sic] and colors) of the coat-of-arms. Such documents were kept in the family as proof of "pureza de sangre" or noble lineage and when sent to court as an establishing witness to reaffirm those rights new examples were created in case something were to happen to the one sent"--Pre-Columbian scholar Tom Cummins datasheet. 

"In 1800 María Joaquina Inca presented to the Council of Indies a thick document (legajo) containing the petitions to assert her descent from the royal families of Mexico and Peru in order to receive the according privileges. Included was a similar ejecutoria.... This document [presented to the Council of Indies] is now in the Archivo General de las Indias in Seville (AGI, Mexico 2346 and AGI, Mapa-Escudos, 78)."--Pre-Columbian scholar Tom Cummins datasheet.

"It is stated by the dealer to have been painted in Mexico City where a copy was first presented to the Audencia (royal court) by one of the descendents who moved there in 1716"--Pre-Columbian scholar Tom Cummins datasheet.

Full-page color illustration, plate 1: Scene in which appears 3 figures: in the center and prominent, staring at the viewer, "Gran Topa Ynga Yupanqui" according to the text at his feet, in black letters with red for upper-case letters at beginning of words (2 lines of text: "Retrato de el Gran Tupa Ynca YupanquiX Emperador de las Provin- / cias de el Reyno del Peru y de ochenta y quatro Reyes que en su Ymperio tenia."). Tupac Inca Yupanqui is flanked by two other figures, probably two young descendants of Tupac Inca Yupanqui: Gonzalo Uchu Hualpa and Felipe Tupa Inga Yupangui. Tupac Inca Yupanqui is dressed in the regal attributes of his race: a tunic (uncu), a headdress on the front (mascaypacha) and the red cloak (llakota), and carries different objects of gold, such as his own headdress, earmuffs, knee pads, sandals, and weapons. Attached to the weapon in his left hand is a shield with the coat of arms issued by Emperor Charles V to the descendants of the Incas Gonzalo Uchu Hualpa and Felipe Topa Inga Yupanqui, sons of Huaina Capac and grandsons of Tupa Inga Yupangui. Shield quarters: first quarter, a closed helmet in a gold field; second quarter, a crimson tassel (used by the Incas for arms) and two crowned snakes on the sides, in a pink field; third quarter, a castle in a gold field; and in the fourth quarter, a royal eagle with two lions at the sides, in a pink field; between the upper and lower quarters are the words "Ave Maria" against a green field. A gold crown on a red pillow is at the feet of Tupac Inca Yupanqui. A gold garland at the feet of Tupac Inca Yupanqui separates the image foreground from the 3 figures and the landscape; leaf is a different size from other leaves: 30 x 20 cm.

Full-page color illustration, plate 1 (illustration with 3 figures) preceded by cloth guardsheet.
Full-page color illustration, plates 2-3, have also leaf numbers 60 and 61: each plate a coat-of-arms; coat-of-arms images on leaf 60 verso and on leaf 61 recto.
Leaf 99 and leaf 117, recto and verso, have signatures at bottom of leaf; leaf 130 verso has signatures at bottom of leaf; leaf 153 verso and leaf 154 recto have signatures at bottom of leaf.
Ruled black-ink lines at bottom of most leaves.
Leaf 99 numbered twice: once as text page, once as title page: Testimonio de la Informacion de Identidad que ante el Real Acuerdo de Mexico....
Manuscript, in ink; written in a professional italic unknown hands.

 

Language

Spanish