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Theodore apo eparchon and eparch of Italy (seventh century)

 
 

Obverse

Inscription of four lines preceded by a cross. Indeterminate border.


.ΕΟΤ
.ΚΕΟΗ
.ΕΙΘΕΟ
ΔΩΡ

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Θεοδώρου

Reverse

Inscription of five lines. Indeterminate border.


ΠΟΕ
ΠΡΧΩ.
ΚΙΕΠ.
ΧΙΤ
.Ι.

ἀπὸ ἐπάρχων καὶ έπάρχου Ἰταλίας

Obverse

Inscription of four lines preceded by a cross. Indeterminate border.


.ΕΟΤ
.ΚΕΟΗ
.ΕΙΘΕΟ
ΔΩΡ

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Θεοδώρου

Reverse

Inscription of five lines. Indeterminate border.


ΠΟΕ
ΠΡΧΩ.
ΚΙΕΠ.
ΧΙΤ
.Ι.

ἀπὸ ἐπάρχων καὶ έπάρχου Ἰταλίας

Accession number BZS.1947.2.95
Diameter 27.0 mm
Previous Editions

DO Seals 1, no. 2.2.
Zacos-Veglery, no. 2923.

Translation

Θεοτόκε βοήθει Θεοδώρου ἀπὸ ἐπάρχων καὶ έπάρχου Ἰταλίας.

Theotokos, help Theodore apo eparchon and eparch of Italy.

Commentary

Similar seal published in Sig., 211 (= Laurent, Vatican, no. 99); the DO and Vatican specimens appear to be from the same boulloterion.

Laurent was of the opinion that ἐπάρχωον was a mistake for ἐξάρχου and attributed the seal to the exarch Theodore Calliop (643-ca. 645; 653-666; see Brown, Gentlemen, 277, Theodorus, no. 1). Although the combination of titles of ex-eparch (dignity) and eparch (distinction) is unusual, as Laurent notes eparchs almost always hold the rank of patrikios. Consequently, this seal likely presents an otherwise unknown praetorian prefect.